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Cell biology essay questions - Biology essay questions for cells and cell transport Flashcards Quizlet

Describe the phenomenon of gene conversion in yeast.

Briefly describe the sequence of in going from information in DNA to a functional protein molecule.

Red blood cells have sickled shape Sickled blood cells stick to capillaries Do not get oxygen into tissues Symptoms are due to lack of oxygen in tissues Fatigue Shortness of breath Pale skin mucous membranes Vision problems Liver damage What causes sickle cell disease, at the genetic level and at the protein level? Covers everything on the new OCR A Biology A Level Specification on Cells and Magnification- contains a series of Questions and Answers that can b. Diagram of the reductionist synthetic strategy to characterize biological mechanisms. LIPID TEST QUESTIONS Author IT User Last modified by Jo Gilbert Created Date 1262003 6 08 00 PM Company Godalming College Other titles LIPID TEST QUESTIONS.


Trace these elements from the point of their release from a decaying animal to their incorporation into a living animal. Outline of cells in a multicellular organism. b What conclusions can be drawn from the data from cross III? Describe with the aid of a diagram the phases of a sigmoid population growth curve. Describe the structure of a mammalian respiratory system.

Review the evidence supporting current models for the initiation of DNA replication in eukaryotic cells. To what extent does the position of a gene in the genome determine gene expression? Exists in the stroma It is a protein Absorbs specific light wavelengths Is broken down into a food source Question 30 30. Include in your answer one way in which human activity has an impact in the nutrient cycle you have chosen. Several different crosses were performed, each using 100 females and 100 males.


Describe four problems associated with animal survival in terrestrial environments but not in aquatic environments. Homeostatic maintenance of optimal blood glucose levels has been intensively studied in vertebrate organisms.

M Tissues-Groups of similar cells that act as a functional unit Population- group of the same species living in the same area Atoms- elements of matter. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek Dutch, 1632-1723 was one of the most distinguished of all the early microscopists.

Artery vein Small intestine colon Skeletal muscle cardiac muscle Anterior pituitary posterior pituitary 76. Explain the evolutionary mechanisms that can change the composition of the gene pool.

Schleiden, a botanist, ex tended the studies begun by Robert Brown on the structure and function of the cell nucleus which Schleiden called a cytoblast and was the first to de scribe nucleoli. c Choose ONE organism or group of organisms that reproduce sexually.


Outline the ways in which substances move passively across membranes. But on the strand the DNA polymerase has to work kind of backwards because it has to go on the other direction in order to replicate from 5 to 3 direction. Printed in 1558 were the results of Conrad Gesner s Swiss, 1516-1565 studies on the structure of a group of protists called foraminifera.

0 mL of-amylase solution were placed in a test tube. 4 marks is development in different specific ways cells carry out specialized functions become specialized example of a differentiated cell in a multicelluar organism cells have all genes could develop in any way some genes are switched on expressed but not others position hormones cell-to-cell signals chemicals determine how a cell develops a group of differentiated cells is a tissue 5.


Describe with the aid of a diagram the phases of a sigmoid population growth curve.

Describe the consequence of a base substitution mutation with regards to sickle cell anaemia. Excessive length Open essays of excessive length will be penalised by the deduction of marks after the paper has been marked out of 100.

Outline the quadrat method of random sampling used to determine the population of a plant species. Describe how the following adaptations have increased the evolutionary success of the organisms that possess them. Additionally, there are influences that control the genetic information itself. Use these model essay question responses to prepare for essay questions on your in class tests, as well as the IB Examination, Paper 2.

Mutations are also useful for perturbing dynamics, particularly when the mutant gene product has been biochemically.


State the functions of one named extracellular component. Respond to TWO and only two of the following Explain how the metabolic processes of cellular respiration and photosynthesis recycle oxygen. The DNA that is made is fragmented in so called okazaki fragments. The trp operon is another type of operon in bacteria. The knowledge base of the course and the development of research and technical skills will be of benefit to you in completing your degree and beyond. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Pick one of the following two questions to answer, being sure to indicate which you are writing about.


The test tube was inverted several times to mix the solution and then incubated at 25 C. Where is the starting point of ribosome synthesis? Unlabeled Image SlidesAll image slides are also provided without labels for use in class, particularly for review or exams.

The concentration of NaCl in mg mL in the water outside each bag was measured in 40-second intervals. Explain how these alleles are distributed by the process of meiosis to gametes.

Your essay may be written legibly in the space provided or may be typed and attached to the exam. Starch and glycogen as energy storage molecules b.

Ecological succession describes the pattern of changes in communities over time. The less a student knows about a topic, the more LearningCurve focuses on it.

Resource is a cover sheet that you can mark on to save time. Many cellular constituents move by diffusion, but pumps and motors move some constituents and whole cells.


Include in your answer a discussion of species diversity and interactions, accumulation of biomass, and energy flow. Outstanding pupil-led lesson unscramble the keywords task where pupils extract information from a text in o.


Which of the following describes a process that involves viral integration into the host genome?

Define the following plant responses and explain the mechanism of control for each. F1 flies were crossed, and the data for the resulting F2 flies are given in the table below. E3- Critical ability- an ability to make valid criticisms of the evidence or views of another person and to present an effective, well-organised argument E4- An ability to synthesise a fine argument from many sources including the candidate s own. 2 Using the graph paper provided, plot the results for the germinating seeds at 22 C and at 10 C. Their microscopes had magnifying powers be tween 10x and 30x and were used primarily to exam ine small whole organisms such as fleas and other in sects. Give some examples of the mechanisms involved, and discuss the experimental approaches used to confirm that control is exerted at the level of translation. The Cellular Agenda Cell biologists have long tested their ideas by observing cells treated with drugs or carrying mutations that compromise specific molecules. b Discuss how the structure of a protein affects the function of TWO of the following.

animations directly correspond with figures from the text and show the figures in 3-D.


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b for each property, describe one example of how the property affects the functioning of living organisms. 8 marks vesicles are membrane bound packages droplets formed by pinching off budding off a piece from a membrane can carry proteins rough ER synthesizes proteins proteins enter accumulate inside the ER transported to Golgi apparatus for processing targeted to transported to specific cellular organelles fuse with membrane of organelle so contents of vesicle join the organelle transported to the plasma membrane fuses with plsma membrane releases secretes contents exocytosis 4. At are some topics for a biochemistry research paper. The initiation of transcription by eukaryotic RNA polymerases requires the assembly of a large complex.


DNA digested with enzyme X and enzyme Y combined IV. Pick one of the following two questions to answer, being sure to indicate which you are writing about.

The use of classical biochemistry and genetics to establish networks of molecular interactions is now augmented by large-scale proteomics and genomics strategies that provide a broad sweep of interaction maps.

Draw diagrams to show the four stages of mitosis i n an animal cell with four chromosomes.- International Baccalaureate Biology- Marked by Teachers. Here you will learn about the function of lysosomes, the cell organelle responsible for intracellular digestion.

4 marks Award 1 for each structure clearly drawn and correctly labelled. Describe the operon hypothesis and discuss how it explains the control of messenger RNA production and the regulation of protein synthesis in bacterial cells. Explain how parasitism differs from mutualism with reference to named organisms. Hooke popularized the use of microscopes among contemporary biologists in England and built several compound microscopes of his own. Another example is using atomic structures to design proteins or RNAs lacking one or more specific structural domains rather than truncating or otherwise modifying them based on the arbitrary criterion of residue number.

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