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A case study is an investigation of - Case Study Research Foundations and Methodological Orientations Harrison Forum Qualitative Forum Qualitative Social Research

Third, case studies can illustrate certain topics within an evaluation, again in a descriptive mode Fourth, the case study strategy may be used to enlighten those situations in which the intervention being evaluated has no clear single set of outcomes. Main limitations We were unable to access details of the contracts between government departments and the Local Service Providers responsible for delivering and implementing the software systems.

Faculty of Technology and Engineering, Teacher Training Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran 2004. We propose possible reasons why researchers might make this Case Study 1- The insider The client was concerned that one or more of its employees may be sharing confidential business information outside of their organisation for financial gain. Case studies in health and social sciences did not provide sufficient information for the reader to understand case selection, and why this case was chosen above others.

The findings provided a detailed description of the context, with less detail of individual participants, including insight into researcher s and methodological decisions throughout the data collection and analysis process., but you must state the method by which you determined that this place will illuminate new understandings about the research problem. Case studies are widely used in psychology and amongst the best known were the ones carried out by.

Another type of study that could be done in Alaska is how the environment changes as population increases. They are advantageous when the research goal is to describe the prevalence of a certain phenomenon or to be predictive of a certain outcome.

The second list, high relevance to qualitative case study research, was the criteria that we decided had higher relevance to case study research.

Furthermore, the case study participants were carefully selected to ensure a good spread of locations, technologies and management arrangements.

2007 seems to best capture the full depth and breadth of case study concepts and descriptions. one case and consequently no comparison on the other. There are, regardless, plenty such as Bent Flyvbjerg 2006 237 who suggest that the case study contains no greater bias toward verification than other methods of inquiry, and that on the contrary, experience indicates that the case study contains a greater bias toward falsification of preconceived notions than toward verification.

Stake 2005 Case Study Limitations Ethnography Hammersley 2006 states that ethnography is a study at first hand about what people do and say in a particular context.

Using the PTSD issue again is an excellent example of a collective study.

But your analysis will be entirely different no statistical testing of hypotheses, but constructing of theory modules through a far more hermeneutic approach. Looking at a prior example, it would be incorrect to state that a factor in improving girls access to education in Azerbaijan and the policy implications this may have for improving access in other Muslim nations is due to girls access to social media if there is no documentary evidence from your case study to indicate this. 2007 Case Study Methods in the International Relations Subfield, Comparative Political Studies, 40, 2, 170-195. There are two ways of obtaining representative samples A way of choosing representative samples. I to see how many had already been checked, and which days still needed attention. Case Study Research Foundations and Methodological Orientations 34 paragraphs.

Table 2 Example of a case study investigating the process of planning and implementing a service in Primary Care Organisations Context Health work forces globally are needing to reorganise and reconfigure in order to meet the challenges posed by the increased numbers of people living with long-term conditions in an efficient and sustainable manner.

7 Corresponding with these developments, in the 1970 s, educational research embraced case study as a way to evaluate curriculum design and innovation MERRIAM, 2009 SIMONS, 2009 STAKE, 1995. These cases involved the theft of over 130 million credit and debit card numbers, making it the biggest computer crime case ever prosecuted in the United States. While having a disciplined approach to the process and acknowledging that case study can use quantitative methods, STAKE s approach is underpinned by a strong motivation for discovering meaning and understanding of experiences in context. 2012 Process Tracing From Philosophical Roots to Best Practice, Simons Papers in Security and Development, No. However, the event does not have to be a rare or uniquely significant to support new thinking about the research problem or to challenge an existing hypothesis. The main conclusions of the research are as follows The existence of fault in the unloading documentation, the existence of damage and defect in some orders, and the return of reliability warranty time caused the decrease in the reliability of the whole supply chain in Shahrivar by 0. Klimov and Merkuryev presented a simulation model for supply chain reliability evaluation.

However, the modernist practice of case study majorly represented by Yin 1984, 2014 and Eisenhardt 1989 differs considerably from the one practiced by American Sociologists Platt, 1992 Welch et at, 2013 Grounded theory is another form of qualitative research which has developed a distinct tradition to strengthen the mandate for generating theory Glaser and Strauss, 1967 To a grounded theorist I consider myself one, case study is not so much a tradition I confess to being a grounded theorist! Planning the Research The most important parts of the case study are 1.

The case study research method originated in clinical medicine the case history, i. The book was edited by ILASLA s Carrie Woleben-Meade and designed by a5 Branding and Digital. Method to explore the nature of a certain social phenomenon and it tends to use unstructured data Ethnographies usually focus on a specific culture its and all information embedded in it. Emerging criteria for quality in qualitative and interpretive research. Thirdly, in methodological terms, given that the case study has often been seen as more of an interpretivist and idiographic tool, it has also been associated with a distinctly qualitative approach Bryman, 2009 67-68. This was judged by the absence, or inadequate or inconsistent reference to case study methodology in-text. Research which only looks into the measurable aspects of human behavior is not likely to give us insights into the subjective dimension to experience which is so important to and humanistic psychologists. Some of the best and most famous case studies have been explanatory case studies f.

Case studies capture a range of perspectives, as opposed to the single view of an individual you get with a survey response or interview.

To do that, however, there would need to be some comparable set of results between the two types of data.

Practicality Access Are arrangements for start-up anticipated?

Few studies described their case study design, or included a rationale that explained why they excluded or added further procedures, and whether this was to enhance the study design, or to better suit the research question. In the last column of Table, the annual average of the reliability metric values of the whole supply chain has been given.

Your case could challenge this assumption by applying an innovative theoretical framework perhaps borrowed from another discipline to the study a case in order to explore whether this approach offers new ways of understanding the research problem.

Case Study 1 PepsiCo aims to set a new standard in health Hertzler Systems publishes case study outlining key issues in capturing and managing data for Six Sigma process improvement in a transactional and financial services environment. It is possible that once the interviews are completed, the information gained is not relevant.

Sociologists and investigated people s lives, experiences, and how they understood the social and cultural context of their world, with the aim of gaining insight into how individuals interpreted and attributed meaning to their experiences and constructed their worlds JOHANSSON, 2003 SIMONS, 2009. Case studies allow a researcher to investigate a topic in far more detail than might be possible if they were trying to deal with a large number of research participants nomothetic approach with the aim of averaging.

Instrumental case study Provides a base to understand other issues. grounded theory, interpretative analysis, text e.

For example, you could triangulate the results from one case study with another, or the results from a qualitative study with those from a quantitative study study. Barney Glaser Anselm Strauss 1999 The Discovery of Grounded Theory Strategies for Qualitative Research. There are two ways of obtaining representative samples A way of choosing representative samples. Using diagrams to support the research process Examples from grounded theory. Selection of cases is based on the purpose of the research and related to the theoretical propositions about the topic of interest. The final example, Coltart and Henwood, provided a detailed account of how they selected two cases from a sample of 46 fathers based on personal and beliefs.

Case Study and Grounded Theory are both qualitative research methodologies.

Related This entry was posted in and tagged on by. letters, photographs, notes or official document e.

By doing so, you give the reader an understanding about where your grounded theory has emerged from, i. approach It is holistic study Ethnography Ethnographic fieldwork provides the best opportunity to collect current, reliable, complete and specific data to answer the relevant It is also considered as the best source of data for comparative study and analysis. This work received no direct funding, but it has been informed by projects funded by Asthma UK, the NHS Service Delivery Organisation, NHS Connecting for Health Evaluation Programme, and Patient Safety Research Portfolio. Conclusion Case study research is an increasingly popular approach among qualitative researchers, which provides methodological flexibility through the incorporation of different paradigmatic positions, study designs, and methods.

General knowledge is more Universals can t be found in the valuable than study of human affairs. The value of the case study approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services research.

This hierarchical view, however, may be questioned. That means that each case must be carefully selected so that it a predict similar a literal replication or b predicts contrasting results but for anticipatable reasons a theoretical replication. Third, case studies can illustrate certain topics within an evaluation, again in a descriptive mode Fourth, the case study strategy may be used to enlighten those situations in which the intervention being evaluated has no clear single set of outcomes.

Once that is demonstrated, a large-scale research project could be done to determine which events are most likely to cause PTSD. Revised and Expanded from Qualitative Research and Case Study Applications in Education. A case study-based investigation of students experiences with social software tools New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia Vol 15, No 3 Original Articles A case study-based investigation of students experiences with social software tools A case study-based investigation of students experiences with social software tools The term social software covers a range of tools which allow users to interact and share data with other users, primarily via the web.

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