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Essay on child labour - Child Labor in Pakistan Essay

Such an age based classification is incongruous and is behind time. It is a forceful act either by the parents, bad events or owners. Dominant Discourses, Debates and Silences on Child Labour in Africa and Asia 2011- Third World Quarterly In-text Abebe and Bessell, 2011 Your Bibliography Abebe, T.

India is also a signatory to the World Declaration on the Survival, Protection and Development of Children. Small children were often stolen and abducted and forced to become chimney sweeps. Though awareness towards child labour has increased and now there are several NGO s trying their best, but today what we require is to take concrete actions, the central and respective state governments need to provide for better machinery for enforcing child labour laws.


Again, most of the workers are engaged in non organized sector. Inadequate social control gives rise to the child labor in the agriculture or domestic work.

The survey conducted by UNISEF in 2003, estimated that 8 million children under the age of 14 are engaged as labors. 138 complies with the principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the CRC particularly the Preamble, General Principles and Article 32, but also other articles as indicated above.


In a report by the Labour Ministry every 4th child is a child labour, aged between 5-14 years and there is one child labour in every three families. They should not be limited by the parents only to maintain the economical balance of the family and by the businesses to get labour at low cost.


Though the NGO s in Pakistan don t get proper funding from government of Pakistan neither from any corporate bodies, still the work they do in crating awareness and providing elementary education to children is quite appreciable. The main causes of the child labour all over the world are poverty, parents, society, low salary, joblessness, poor living standard and understanding, social injustice, lack of schools, backwardness, ineffective laws which are directly affecting the development of the country.

In this way the country is deprived of their human power.

We have provided below various short paragraphs on child labour under different words limit for the students. Emphasizing this factor, the report of the Committee on Child Labor commented, Stronger than tradition is the factor of chronic poverty responsible for the prevalence and perpetuation of child labor. In various developing countries, the main reasons primary causes of child labour are high poverty level and poor schooling opportunities in front of the poor children. Conversely, the defenders of CRC argue that it is through this classification that children gain more rights with legally recognized interests which are specific to their stage in life cycle.


Children in many developing countries are forced to work hard for full day against their will at very low pay for their survival. But unfortunately, they are forced to do something against their will. The right to a childhood cannot be replaced by placing such age barriers which imply at least some work could be done by children at even age 12! In need child can work but it s his right that he should be provided particular hours and adequate salary by the employer so that there will be no need of overtime and he has the time to rest and prevent exhaustion.

Save your bibliographies for longer Super fast and accurate citation program Save time when referencing Make your student life easy and fun Pay only once with our Forever plan Use our extensive Premium features Plagiarism checks, Word Add On. The act also states that no child shall be employed or permitted to work in any of the occupations set forth in Part A or in the process set forth in Part B, except in the process of family based work or recognised school based activities. Denial to children of the fundamental human right of workers to organize is an egregious violation of their rights that has no basis in human rights law and contravenes children s participation rights CRC Articles 12-15 inclusive. Special schools may be set up for the child labor so they can acquire minimum Hence Art 39 in whole requires the state to ensure and protect the children and provide proper child care.

Thus, the problem is not so simple as it sometimes appears to be. Under development goals and strategies of India, a policy was adopted named National Child Labour Policy in 1987. International Conventions Pakistan is a party to ILO convention concerning minimum age of employment in the industry and UN convention for rights of the child. The survey conducted by UNISEF in 2003, estimated that 8 million children under the age of 14 are engaged as labors.


And, a comprehensive propaganda planning against child labour should have to be taken which will make the people conscious about their problem. According to the Constitution of India, children below the age group of 14 years are completely prohibited to be involved in factory, mine or other hazardous employment in anyways.

Moreover, ILO Convention 182, relating to the Worst Forms of Child Labour, is intended to protect children against harmful work much more completely than does C.


138 or other conventions conflict with the UDHR or CRC, the UDHR and CRC should have precedence And finally we provide for the initiation of a process aiming to bring ILO conventions 138 and 182 in line with the CRC I. Children have full rights to get proper attention from their parents, love and care from their parents, proper schooling, guidance, playing with friends and other happiful moments. In various developing countries, the main reasons primary causes of child labour are high poverty level and poor schooling opportunities in front of the poor children.


Indian laws on child labour The present regime of laws in India relating to child labour are consistent with the International labour conference resolution of 1979 which calls for combination of prohibitory measures and measures for humanising child labour wherever it cannot be immediately outrun.

Accountability to children necessitates a child-centred perspective. Violating laws regarding child labour give the way to increased child labor in any developing country. The reasons which are generally responsible for child labour may include Poverty, Ignorance, Illiteracy, Population explosion, Lack of knowledge of their own rights, Big amounts of debt on the parents, Large size of family but not enough income to support such big family, Lack of social security scheme in the country, Weak enforcement of labour laws.


Most of the children under poverty line are forced to do the child labour daily even after the lots of awareness program run by the government and future welfare of society towards the welfare of the child. The sooner I get there he asked me wash an instrument and instruct me not to make it fall.


The practice of child labor is considered illegal by many countries and exploitative by many international organizations. According to the International Labor Organization, it is found that around 215 million children age group 5-17 years are working in the hazardous and extremely exploitative field as they belong to the extremely poor family.

Consequently, rather than reducing demand, banning harmful work for children and penalties for infractions risks driving children into less visible and more dangerous activities where they enjoy even less protection. India is a party to the UN declaration on the Rights of the Child 1959.

138 allows, accommodating children s natural propensity to mimic and join in family work as part of their own developmental initiatives. National Commission for Protection of Child Rights NCPCR should also ensure that rescued child labourers do not return to work. 63 crore, Organization research group, Baroda, 1994-95- 4. As they have to accept hard work before their maturity, they lose their health and they are deprived of having the scope for spiritual, psychological and cultural development. Limited child or workers rights which affect labor standards and living standards to a great extent in order to eliminate child labor. Making the law is the not the solution is not the solution to overcome it.

Further, children s participation in the household economy is an integral feature of child rearing in many indigenous and ethnic minority cultures in particular, and thus conserving safe and appropriate work as a right is entirely consistent with Article 30. Essay on Child Labour Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes. There is need of more effective and strict government laws against child labour in order to prevent children from working in their little age. Open essay a better approach to child work openDemocracy As the UN considers its position on child labour, a global group of experts lay out the case against a universal minimum age.

Childhood Essay- Child labour- Sociology Cite This For Me Childhood Essay- Child labour- Sociology in Harvard style These are the sources and citations used to research Childhood Essay- Child labour. Accountability to children necessitates a child-centred perspective. But these rights are only on paper and the reality is very shocking.


The aim of training would be to inculcate learning about a proactive work culture along with a missionary zeal in addressing the issue of child labor in Pakistan. The result is that children compulsory education is still a dream.

Unknowingly they become interested in the getting money on daily basis and ruining their whole life and future. India is also a signatory to ILO Forced Labour Convention No. The Convention offers a vision of the child as an individual and as a member of a family and community, with rights and appropriate to his or her age and stage of development.


They are exploited even when they are employed as domestic helpers. STRATEGIES TO BE ADOPTED In order to eradicate child labor in Pakistan both preventive and corrective strategies are proposed. Small children were often stolen and abducted and forced to become chimney sweeps. Children are also self-employed as shoeshine, milk boys, rag pickers and rickshaw pullers. In late nineties, the matter of child labor emerged as a serious consideration due to international exposure.


According to the research, it is found that around millions of young children were involved in illegal work by leaving their school in the recent decades.

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