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Qualitative research case study approach - 1013 Strengths and Limitations of Case Studies

The Canadian Journal for the Study of Adult Education, 21 2, 19-36. 39 MAYRING s qualitative content analysis tries to overcome these shortcomings of classical quantitative content analysis by applying a systematic, theory-guided approach to text analysis using a category system cf.

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Numagami 1998 provides an example of this kind of reasoning.

Examples for this can be found from MAYRING and GL SER-ZIKUDA 2005 as well as from. Critical Discourse Analysis The Critical Study of Language. This usage entered a phase of great expansion starting in the 1980 s.

In addition, unlike a which deals with facts, a case study is based on opinion and is very much designed to provoke reasoned debate.

Flyvbjerg examines five about case study research and systematically corrects each one.

However, it is important to mention that GL SER and LAUDEL 1999 might have misunderstood MAYRING s qualitative content analysis as having to follow all procedures described by him. Here is an excellent and comprehensive definition of triangulation from Thomas A. The authors reported how this case study approach provided a number of contextual factors likely to influence the effectiveness of the intervention and which were not likely to have been obtained from quantitative methods alone. May not be suitable for journal writing as word limit, but could depend on way it is written into text Potential readers of journal, 1 st, 2 nd marker, external examiner Ask what journal have students chosen?

This is typically the case in biography, institutional self-study, program evaluation, therapeutic practice, and other lines of work, in areas such as education, counseling, social work, therapeutic work, political science and others Stake, 1994. We consider three of those efforts rejecting the positivist criteria and enhancing the value of particularity, dismissing the importance of in certain types of research, and disciplining transfer of knowledge between cases. However, depending on the depth and range of the extant literature, the initial focus of the case study may be quite focused or broad and open-ended.

Doolin has, for example, noted that in the context of undertaking interpretative case studies, researchers can usefully draw on a critical, reflective perspective which seeks to take into account the wider social and political environment that has shaped the case. Being a little bit more specific he defines qualitative content analysis in the following way An approach to documents that emphasizes the role of the investigator in the construction of the meaning of and in texts. It may involve the collection of both qualitative and quantitative like documents, archival records, interviews, direct observation, physical artifacts.

CRITICISM OF THE CASE STUDY AS A RESEARCH METHOD Despite the important historical role played by case studies in research in the field of management, many scholars have criticized the method. 2 Theory-guided analysis We just mentioned theory-guided analysis as one of the special strengths of qualitative content analysis see above, Section 5. Archives of Physical Medicine and 89 8, 1618-1624.

Based on our experiences of conducting a range of case studies, we reflect on when to consider using this approach, discuss the key steps involved and illustrate, with examples, some of the practical challenges of attaining an in-depth understanding of a case as an integrated whole. Among the critical texts in Portuguese, the work of Pedro Lincoln Mattos is worth mentioning.

, Qualitative methods in organizational research, a practical guide pp. Provide a synthesis of key findings presented in the paper to show how these converge to address the research problem. Theory-guided analysis Technical fuzziness of qualitatively oriented research needs to be balanced by theoretical stringency. Categories in the center of analysis The aspects of text following the research questions, are put into categories, which were carefully founded and revised within the process of analysis feedback loops. For example Kathy Charmaz introduced a constructivist version and Clarke discusses GT after the postmodern turn.

They are predominant, but quantitative data and its analysis can add to the overall picture p.

In this sense, well-described research procedures and protocols are essential parts Gibbert, Ruigrok, Wicki, 2008. Rather, it is often desirable to choose a particular object or situation precisely because their unusual allow for the generation of insights that other cases could not generate Numagami, 1998 Siggelkow, 2007.

Note that a general social sciences research paper may contain a separate section to report findings. Besides, case study research design can be used with other research strategies to address related research questions in different phases of a research project, and yet a further strategy would be to start with exploratory case study research and then to test the emerging findings in wider survey-based research HARTLEY, 1994, p. Because of their in-depth, multi-sided approach case studies often shed light on aspects of human thinking and behavior that would be unethical or impractical to study in other ways. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 10 2, 95- 103. These can, for example, help to understand and explain causal links and pathways resulting from a new policy initiative or service development see Tables and, for example. Still arguing against the common quest for Stake contends, the objective of the case study is not to represent the world, but to represent the case Stake, 2000, p. This method is nomothetic, that is, dedicated to the study or discovery of general scientific laws. Qualitative interviews with patients however helped provide an insight into potentially beneficial aspects of the programme, such as greater, perceived patient involvement in care. In this section By Margaret Adolphus What is case study research? The post-modern, idiographic approach tends to be used when the manager wants to understand a rare event, such as an organizational crisis or oddity, an example being a large market share with low profitability. The normal science, positivist, nomothetic approach tends to be used when a general guidance is needed, such as profitability increases with market share. Narrativa grupal mediada uma estrat gia para o estudo de caso como objeto de aprendizagem. Case study research has sometimes been criticised for lacking scientific rigour and providing little basis for generalisation i. For dissertations, when you start your case study research you may want to follow the of Robert K. This refers to synthesizing any literature that points to unresolved issues of concern about the research problem and describing how the subject of analysis that forms the case study can help resolve these existing

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