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Examples of case study questions in research - Using case study in research- How to tell a 039good039 story

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According to him, it is not by counting and measuring that patterns or wholes in texts can be demonstrated but by showing the different possibilities of interpretation of multiple connotations GL SER LAUDEL, 2004, p. Differences in clinical practice The case of glue ear. Ethnography focuses on meaning, largely through direct field observation. Cases often represent a topic that rests on the fringes of prior investigations because the case may provide new ways of understanding the research problem. Qualitative research An interactive design, 2nd ed. Explain how they are linked and what elements of the case will help to expand knowledge and understanding about the problem. These conversations should certainly begin during the formulation of research questions, but they can continue to take place during and after the completion of the inquiry process. Data in SLA studies may be somewhat more restricted either interviews, tests, writing samples, think-aloud protocols, or grammaticality judgments, and the analytic focus may be narrower and more technical as well, such as the development of linguistic or rhetorical structures in oral or written L2 production. Design interview questions that will lead to in-depth answers and continued conversations related to your research goals., oral interviews, journals, or essays or from multiple sources.

He dismisses typicality and as being unrealistic and unachievable in terms of the single case. This idea presents an interesting problem because both social environment and an individual s personality represent constructs that researchers can easily measure by investigating any number of distinct components.

How the findings will be interpreted The study s questions should be either a how or why question, and their definition is the researchers first job. Research often proceeds slowly, and researchers are trained to be cautious in recommending action in the absence of a strong research base. 44 The word qualitative implies an emphasis on the qualities of entities and on processes and meanings that are not experimentally examined or measured if measured at all in terms of quantity, amount, intensity, or frequency DENZIN LINCOLN, 2000, p. The interpretation of cultures Selected essays, New York Basic Books.

Author Definition Stake A case study is both the process of learning about the case and the product of our learning p. Triangulation in organizational research A li ul ul li Case study can be informed from quantitative or qualitative data alone li ul ul li Cases using multiple sources of evidence rated more highly Yin li ul ul li Validity li ul ul li Researcher gains more skills in data collection techniques li ul ul li Takes more time more expense li ul ul li Greater expertise in data collection techniques, more work needed li ul ul li How will you perform triangulation? Approaches to research in second language learning. In Handbook of qualitative research, Edited by Denzin, N. Current topics are always the most interesting, so if your topic is more than 5-10 years old, you might want to consider a newer topic. For example, let s say a certain automobile has a series of crashes that are caused by faulty brakes.

Getting research into practice and purchasing GRiPP. Organizational innovation a metaanalysis of effects of determinants and moderators. For example, a researcher is considering a case study about PTSD in veterans.

If multiple cases are used, researchers often provide a detailed account of each and then some form of cross-case comparison, either in prose or in a tabular summary Creswell, 1998. Analysis Qualitative data were analysed thematically using a coding matrix, combined with additional themes that emerged from the data. Next we discuss strategies for analysing case study data and the scientific soundness of such information, ending with a discussion of the need for case studies to enhance the scientific understanding of quality improvement. Grundlagen qualitativer Feldforschung Methodologie, Organisierung, Researchers generally though not always become part of a culture that they wish to study, then present a picture of that culture through the eyes of its members. of categories It will be checked whether the distinctions between categories are too fine. Establishing the significance or importance of themes or findings is crucial the discussion should ideally link these themes explicitly to larger theoretical and practical issues. You determine the factors influencing total revenues are average price of goods sold and volume of goods sold.

Christensen and Carlile note that theory building the creation of a body of knowledge or understanding occurs in two ways or stages first there is a descriptive or inductive stage where researchers observe phenomena and describe and measure what they see see. Administrative Science Quarterly, 24 December, 602-611.

Then he put the man on his own donkey, brought him to an inn and took care of him.

Main limitations We were unable to access details of the contracts between government departments and the Local Service Providers responsible for delivering and implementing the software systems. For example, Walo, Bull, and Breen conducted a case study to identify and evaluate the direct and indirect economic benefits and costs of a local sports event in the City of Lismore, New South Wales, Australia. Case Study A case study is an in-depth analysis of people, events, and relationships, bounded by some unifying factor. Does it fit together, each sentence contributing to the whole?

This gives researchers an idea how our brains handle various types of memory, remembering grocery lists and vocabulary words versus remembering the witty stranger with the unusual name you spoke with at a lively cocktail party. Assumptions In TESOL, a case typically refers to a person, either a learner or a teacher, or an entity, such as a school, a university, a classroom, or a program see Faltis, 1997 Johnson, 1992 Nunan, 1992. Focus in later interviews, prepare questions that fill gaps in your knowledge, or that are particularly relevant to the development of your research questions and theories over the course of the study.

In this case, the children and the exercise program are not the focus. Also case studies can be conducted and written with many different motives. London SAGE Publications, 2009 Kratochwill, Thomas R. A case study may or may not include both types of research. Furthermore, the same argument highlights the possibility to re-model the research question when the case studies do not match with the original hypotheses. A large chain of retail clothing stores is struggling with profitability. Some researchers do attempt to maintain a distance, but be aware that your presence will affect the behavior of the participants regardless of the relationship you form with them.

What are the potential pitfalls and how can these be avoided? 29 He contends that any of these strategies can be used in practicing five specific techniques for analyzing case studies pattern matching, explanation building, time-series analysis, logic models, and cross-case synthesis YIN, 2003a, pp. On comparative method, MacIntyre states we shall be able to distinguish between genuine law-like and mere de facto which hold only of the instances so far observed.

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