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Sources of literature review - 5. The Literature Review- Organizing Your Social Sciences Research Paper- Research Guides at University of Southern California

determines whether past studies agree or disagree identifies controversy in the literature. Contact info, map location, and hours for all library branches.


Method for the production of circuit arrangement. Another method to characterize DQE is to derive it from measured quantities, text DQE left f right frac g 2 text MTF 2 left f right cdot emptyset text NPS left f right frac S 2 text MTF 2 left f right text NPS left f right cdot emptyset, where S is the signal, MTF modulation transfer function the frequency response, NPS the noise power spectrum, and emptyset the X-ray quanta per area at the detector input, which corresponds to the measured NPS. The entire tube frame spins on ball bearings in oil, which directly cools the 120-mm anode.


Summarize each source Determine the most important and relevant information from each source, such as the findings, methodology, theories, etc. For example, in completing a literature review of service learning programs, I found a government report that summarized 10 years of research in service learning. The idea of the Lit Review is not to provide a summary of all the published work that relates to your research, but a survey summary and evaluation of the most relevant and significant work.


Special Populations Unusual Equipment or Procedures Invasive Measurement s Deception A Full Review Status requires members of IRB to make a decision. radio programs Diaries Internet communications on email, listservs Interviews e.


their literature review and reference list should be useful. It has a substantial influence on conventional non-spectral CT systems, and yet a more significant effect on spectral CT, and should be treated accordingly Rule 4 Choose the Type of Review You Wish to Write After having taken notes while reading the literature, you will have a rough idea of the amount of material available for the review.


Resolve conflicts amongst seemingly studies. Do not use extensive quotes as a substitute for your own summary and interpretation of the literature.


Identify areas of prior scholarship to of effort. com Example Sexual harassment has many consequences. First results from a hybrid prototype CT scanner for exploring benefits of in clinical CT Proceedings Paper, SPIE 2012 8313 ISBN 9780819489623. International government information can be found in which are available in print and online from the library since 1946.


Tertiary Literature Tertiary literature consists of a distillation and collection of primary and secondary sources such as textbooks, encyclopedia articles, and guidebooks or handbooks. If you do, your search for relevant literature in your field may be incomplete and you need to keep digging.

How will you further your research as a result of the review? University press books typically go through some sort of a peer review process. Objectivity Is the author s perspective even-handed or prejudicial? com Count Research dissertations papers Linkage to Other Sources Show how the source links or is related to the other sources. Summary Summarize the main point of the source not the entire reference, just the main point or thesis. While this standard excludes CT, it is still useful to quantify it for CT detection. First, and original presentation of the 2D scatter- plot based dual- energy material decomposition method in image plane. However, it is likely that most scientists have not thought in detail about how to approach and carry out a literature review.

To simplify and expand beyond 64 slices, most vendors opted for sub-modules within a module These include high light output accounting for X-ray conversion efficiency and optical transparency, high X-ray stopping power, good spectral match with the short primary decay time up to tens of s, low afterglow, radiation damage resistance, light-output stability time, temperature, compact packaging, and easy machining. We have access to many hundreds of journals NOT indexed in Including Articles.


You need to demonstrate that you understand the relevance and significance of the publications you reviewed and how they relate to each other. If you are not in academia, have access to a top-notch library, or receive the industry publications of interest, you may need to get creative if you do not want to pay for each article.

Keep your voice- This means that even though you are presenting the ideas of others you will still need to use your ideas and words. They are also helpful in providing information on which people are currently involved in which research areas, and so can be helpful in tracking down other work by the same researchers. Gantry speed has doubled in the past decade, and with it the instantaneous power needed. The DQE decreases at low dose since electronic noise starts to play a role in the overall NPS. Mind, not all disciplines are agreed on a relatively limited number of big questions that remain central to the research agenda over time.


Selecting Literature from Websites You must be careful in selecting the literature from websites that will be part of your review because of the preponderance of scientific journals that take advantage of unsuspecting researchers looking for a platform to publish their findings in open access journals.

com Stage III More Reading Based on the knowledge gained through researchers have a better understanding aboutthe research topic the literature related to it.

A general framework and review of scatter correction methods in cone beam CT. For materials with high Z, K-fluorescence should also be considered.

The active area and the electrical contacts are on the same side of the PDA. This means that you have read literature that are backed up by evidence, meaning, scientific papers or articles that are found in peer-reviewed journals or.

Remember that if it or something very like it has been done before, and has been published, it is likely that this signifies it was a relevant and important topic to investigate you can learn from how the previous researchers did it what worked and what didn t did the previous researchers suggest any further research? Using referencing software from the very beginning of your endeavour will save you time.


Listed below are the main PDA required for a high-end CT scanner Responsivity output current input power should be as close as possible to quantum efficiency of 100 at the relevant wavelength.

The main steps in this research process are Planning Before searching for articles or books, brainstorm to develop keywords that better describe your research question.

primary historical material, case studies, narratives, statistics, recent scientific findings?

For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals.


Your state may offer access to different databases for its residents.


Hand in one answer Include everyone s first last name In alphabetical order Include only members who are present Indicate the name of the class Indicate the date Indicate the name of the Project Literature Review Outline Be thoroughwrite good answers use your time wisely be finished by end of the allotted time.

2011 Approaches to understanding and measuring scientific research IDR a review of the literature.

General interest magazines- News and other magazines that report scholarly findings for a general, nonacademic audience. Funding Statement This work was funded by the French Foundation for Research on Biodiversity FRB through its Centre for Synthesis and Analysis of Biodiversity data CESAB, as part of the NETSEED research project.


These searches, however, for a variety ofreasons may not provide the Research journals- Articles reporting in detail the results of research. The purpose of a literature review is to Place each work in the context of its contribution to understanding the research problem being studied. Examples of a published literature review Literature reviews are often published as scholarly articles, books, and reports.


Conclude by providing insight into relationship between the topic and the focus of your area of interest, study or proposed position on the topic. IEC 62220-1 introduced DQE as an international standard.

Interpretation You need to be actively involved in interpreting the literature that you are reviewing, and in explaining that interpretation to the reader, rather than just listing what others have written. Research papers These can be found in many areas including the, and on the university and. You need to be ready to cross out whole paragraphs or even whole sections if they do not pass the above tests. It mainly depends on the fraction of the detector active area relative to its size fill factor. Wherever possible, use original source material rather than summaries or reviews by others.

Radiation dose reduction using a CdZnTe-based computed tomography system comparison to flat-panel detectors. Only the top 5 10 m layer of the epitaxial is active, and the cross-talk is reduced to very low levels. It would be safer and probably more realistic to say that your research will address a gap, rather than that it will fill a gap. Select one or two appropriate general reference works 4. they add to the general subject reading the literature. A secondary source is generally one or more steps removed from the event or time period and are written or produced after the fact with the benefit of hindsight. Locate your own research within the context of existing literature very important. In scientific research, primary sources present original thinking, report on discoveries, or share new information. Doing a Literature Review in Health and Social Care. Useful questions at this stage include What is the balance between description and comment?

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