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December 10 2018 / Rating: 8.7 / Views: 948

Review of the article - How to review a paper Science AAAS

1889, Schuster combined the above equation with conservation of energy mv 2 eV T, in which V T is the cathode-fall voltage, to yield the expression e m 2V TB 2r 2.

behind targets approximately 50 larger than the size of the wafer being coated. during the prolific era of the 1950s and the early 1960s when supported glow discharges were being used to probe, and make enormous progress in understanding, the physics of sputtering over the energy range of interest for thin-film growth, they had little effect on the field. A high-vacuum pump with a mechanical backing pump was attached beyond the mercury cut-off a liquid-air trap to prevent mercury and oil vapor from back-diffusing into the deposition chamber. The normalized AlN concentration in the film decreases dramatically, by a factor of 200, with increasing Ar ion energy as shown in Fig.

Paper retraction rates have grown tenfold since 1975, another inquiry has found.

In this review, we begin with an overview of the major challenges G E studies have faced.

Focus on the important points, claims, and information. Research Staff of the General Electric Company, Cathode London, Philos. So our professor gave us the link to this page and I must say that this has helped me a lot in understanding the concept of article review. Find out what wasn t clear and where exactly you lost her. Milde, Pulsed magnetron sputter technology, Surf.

Thompson, The Development of the Mercurial Air Pump, J. In this paper, I summarize the article and offer comments about selected aspects, identify some relevant changes that have occurred since the article was published, and suggest areas where additional research findings would assist in understanding the current state of medical care in regard to the issues raised. Grudeva, Comparison of low-energy sputtering yield formulas, Bulg.

Article in a Magazine Cite by listing the article s author, putting the title of the article in quotations marks, and italicizing the periodical title. 1 Some questions you may wonder about Why were you chosen as a reviewer?

We would like to ask you for a moment of your time to fill in a short questionnaire, at the end of your visit. Thomson then adjusted B such that, resulting in v E B and e m E B2L, from which he obtained, based upon seven independent measurements, an average e m value of 0. Ufert, The problem of reactive sputtering and cosputtering of elemental targets, Thin Solid Films 92, 371 1982. In addition to choosing your topic, you should also select a target audience. Such diagrams can help recognize a logical way to order and link the various sections of a review. Reproduced with permission from Davidse and Maissel, J.

Teachers often assign article reviews to introduce students to the work of experts in the field.

More than a quarter of a century has passed since the article was published, and in that time, significant changes have occurred in the medical field that affect how terminally ill patients are treated in the U. Pancaldi, Volta Science and Culture in the Age of Enlightenment Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, 2003. Wendt, ber das Eindringen von Kanalstrahlen in feste K rper About the entry of channel radiation in solids, Ann. As a consequence, s-guns today are primarily used in small-volume specialty applications.

In contrast, operation is possible along the solid black lines AB and BD while in mode.

Color online Illustrations of the essential features of a a cylindrical magnetron in which the cathode is surrounded by a coaxial anode and b an inverted hollow-cathode magnetron consisting of a central anode surrounded by a coaxial cathode, first described in Ref.

Watson, On the relation between current, voltage, pressure, and the length of the dark space in different gases, Proc. Two of the earliest groups to report this were Kostas Sarakinos et al.

Funatsu, Structure and electrical properties of ITO thin films deposited at high rate by facing target sputtering, Thin Solid Films 445, 245 2003. Excess arsenic was provided to the growing film, deposited at 600 C, by a separate sublimation source reactive deposition utilizing As 4 molecules to account for arsenic loss by desorption. 4 on Journal Impact Factors in the 2016-JCR Ranks top most cited in Psychology, Neurosciences and Plant Sciences Ranks 2nd most cited in Physiology, 3rd most cited in Microbiology and 5th most cited in Immunology Ranks in the top Impact Factor percentiles accross 20 JCR categories Learn more 59 open-access journals, more than 71,000 editors, 65,000 articles, 271,000,000 article views and downloads Publisher of several of the largest and most-cited journals in their fields Winner of the ALPSP Gold Award 2014 for Innovation in Publishing Journals A-Z Learn more Research Topics spotlight the most specialized communities and enable leading researchers to edit article collections Over 121,000 authors contributed to Research Topics Research Topic articles have received more than 170,000,000 views and downloads Browse Learn more We publish all papers that are scientifically correct Our peer-review is collaborative, transparent, rigorous and efficient Our online Collaborative Peer Review Forum enhances article quality 85 days from submission to acceptance Learn more Our advanced Article Author Impact Metrics track the global impact of your research Compare views, downloads, citations, social buzz and demographic data Learn More Academic excellence and social relevance are evaluated democratically through our innovative Tiering process Based on impact metrics, outstanding discoveries may be chosen for our prestigious Focused Review An opportunity for your research to reach a broader audience Learn more Loop is the only open research network that integrates into journals and institutions Loop makes sure your papers get read Your Loop profile is discoverable on multiple academic platforms Update your profile Learn more A free scientific journal reviewed by young people We connect renowned scientists directly with a young audience We bring cutting-edge research to the next generation Visit the website Learn more Frontiers news Analysis of the 2016-JCR shows Frontiers journals lead in citations in their fields and rank in the top Impact Factor percentiles Frontiers News The 2017 Frontiers Reports showcase the stellar performance of our journals with key facts about journal impact and participation from outstanding researchers Research topic A research topic on the control and elimination of dog-mediated human rabies comes at the perfect time to support efforts towards a rabies-free future Research news and Latino adults in a high-risk urban community show both risk and resilience factors for substance use problems Frontiers in Public Health Research news Increasing plant yield is one way to increase food and fuel resources- but asking plants to simply do more of the usual can backfire Frontiers in Plant Science Research News Smokers with MS are twice as likely to have pain, while those who are physically active are less likely to have pain Frontiers in Neurology Journal launch The new journal will address one of the biggest challenges of our time sustainably achieving global food security.

Fruth demonstrated that dc gold films, 1 m thick, offer substantial lifetime advantages over previous electroplated films which developed blisters, peeling, and pinholes after three months of continuous use, while the films exhibited no sign of wear or degradation. Hajdu American Electroplaters and Surface Finishers Society, Orlando, FL, 1990.

How do doctors respond to these methods are they supportive, obstructive, or neutral?

Wright, On the production of transparent metallic films by the electrical discharge in exhausted tubes, Am. If you accept, you must treat the materials you receive as confidential documents.

Striking examples were found in the tomb of Queen Hetepheres wife, and half-sister, of Pharaoh Sneferu, Fourth Dynasty, Old Kingdom, 2613 2589 BC. Nevertheless, Thompson realized that his result was still nearly 1000 larger than e m for a hydrogen ion.

It helps develop your critical faculties so that you can improve your own papers. When doing a peer review, I usually begin with the larger issues and end with minutiae. Marisol Touraine, the Minister of Social Affairs and Health, France. Be careful when taking notes to use quotation marks if you are provisionally copying verbatim from the literature. The exponent n for an rf magnetron is closer to that of rf and dc diode sputtering, 1 2, 369. He reported that the average ion energy E i was 250 eV, with an energy spread ranging across the full cathode-fall potential. When she is not putting together an issue, she is probably chasing after her two kids. When Grove switched polarity such that the silver plate became the cathode negative, he reported that the iron oxide film was removed by ion etching.

Incoming argon ions, and fast recoils in the growing film, have a high probability of being reflected, with significant energy, from heavy near-surface hafnium atoms 178. Kenneth Kingdon and Irving Langmuir American surface chemist, 1932 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry for his research in surface science, from the General Electric Research Laboratory, dropped the l in favor of the word sputtering in their 1923 Physical Review paper on The removal of thorium from the surface of a light bulb filament by positive ion bombardment. Depla and Stijn Mahieu edited a book on reactive sputter deposition, published in 2008, 435. From this, and the fact that they observed that the reactive sputter deposition rate of TaO x in mixed O 2 Ar atmospheres increases with T s, due to a corresponding increase in s i T s, Krikorian and Sneed correctly concluded that while reactions occur at both the target and the substrate, the primary reaction controlling film composition during deposition occurs dynamically at the film-growth surface. It is an approach oriented toward finding and funding a solution embodied within a single organization, combined with the hope that the most effective organizations will grow or replicate to extend their impact more widely. Davidse, Theory and practice of rf sputtering, Vacuum 17, 139 1967. Reproduced with permission from Penning and Moubis, Proc. for 15 different elements of 28 studied sputtered in argon with ion energies from 50 to 600 eV. The better the paper, the finer detail you should go to.

Abstract We review the phenomenon of hedonic decline, whereby repeated exposure to a stimulus typically reduces the hedonic response e. The final product is wound onto the output spool in the upper right. Cooper, Ejection Patterns in Low Energy Sputtering of GaAs and GaP Crystals, J. Katardjiev, Resputtering effects during ion beam assisted deposition and the sputter yield amplification effect, Surf. in which a switching unit is placed in the circuit between the dc power supply and the magnetron target to provide square-wave pulses for which, in principle, the values of f, on, and off can all be controlled independently in fact, it took some time before such a system was available commercially.

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