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Examples of case study research questions - Genres in Academic Writing Case Study

Yin suggests two or three literal replications i. transcripts of interviews discourses, protocols of observation, video tapes, written documents in general etc.

These motives vary from the simple presentation of individual cases to desire to arrive at broad based on case study evidence but without presenting any of the case studies separately.

Explanatory the case study explores cause-effect relationships, and or how events happen. Nevertheless, while quantitative data often appears in case studies, qualitative data usually predominates PATTON APPELBAUM, 2003, p. Because phenomenon and context are not always in real life situations, other technical including data collection and data analysis strategies, become the second part of our technical definition of case studies The case study inquiry copes with the technical distinctive situation in which there will be many more variables of interest than data points f.

Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

How you choose this may depend on your preferences and abilities, and the suitability of particular approaches to your topic.

In fact, with its rule-based logic and controlled step-by-step procedures of analysis it manages to combine the advantages of classical quantitative content analysis with a qualitatively oriented approach taking also context and other important points into consideration.

In qualitative research, generally the phenomenon is studied in its natural setting and the focus is on the participants and also the researcher s view of the world.

Schematic representation of case study research designs. In contrast, the instrumental case study uses a particular case some of which may be better than others to gain a broader appreciation of an issue or phenomenon. For example, the case of studying how women conceptualize the need for water conservation in a village in Uganda could have limited application in other cultural contexts or in areas where fresh water from rivers or lakes is plentiful and, therefore, conservation is understood differently than preserving access to a scarce resource.

com members will be able to access the entire course. A case study of how women contribute to saving water in a particular village can lay the foundation for understanding the need for more thorough research that documents how women in their roles as cooks and family caregivers think about water as a valuable resource within their community throughout rural regions of east Africa. The clarification of this context tends to be exploratory at first, but will need to be adjusted by the researcher herself, again as the research progresses.

In your discussion of findings you can use the qualitative data to help you understand the patterns in the quantitative analysis. For example, assume the case involves a company s declining profitability.

Participants are sometimes invited to collaborate on the formulation of research questions, especially in participatory action research.

Strengths, issues and concerns The strength of case study research lies in the capacity for in-depth study of complex social phenomenon in real-life settings. However, there does not seem to exist a homogenous understanding of this method at present, but originally the term referred only to those methods that concentrate on directly and clearly quantifiable aspects of text content, and as a rule on absolute and relative frequencies of words per text or surface unit TITSCHER et al. This process will be different depending on what type of case study you are planning to do. Your best chance at success will be if you use an outline that describes how you will gather your data and how you will answer your research questions.

In their bibliometric survey on the prominence of methods of text analysis, TITSCHER et al.

Basically, a case study is an in depth study of a particular situation rather than a sweeping statistical. Parallel to the use of case studies in anthropology, medicine and disciplines in the social sciences such as sociology, education and political science also embraced case study as a form of inquiry ANTHONY JACK, 2009 BROWN, 2008 CRESWELL et al.

The interpretation of cultures Selected essays, New York Basic Books.

Are these justified in light of available evidence? Research question in this case are more likely to be of the how or why type Why did a particular promotion activity lead to increased sales? The ethical challenges of field research in conflict zones. On the first and more obvious level, data is triangulated by integrating different material and evidence see Section 5. 73 In the case of using qualitative content analysis in case study research, triangulation takes actually place on two different levels. 4 The case study contains a bias toward verification, that is, a tendency to confirm the researcher s preconceived notions.

YIN himself describes his approach to case study as using a realist perspective p.

A research design is a logical plan for getting from here to there, where here may be defined as the initial set of questions to be answered and there is some set of conclusions answers about these questions. You may be interested in doing an evaluative case study of a process or policy. You will want to have each subject complete a consent form.

Stability refers to whether the same results are obtained in a renewed application of the analytical tool to the same text and is the extent to which the analysis achieves the same results under different circumstances, for instance with different coders. It should therefore be considered when an experimental design is either inappropriate to answer the research questions posed or impossible to undertake.

To assist in understanding and achieving this alignment, the qualitative case study approaches developed by YIN 2014, STAKE 1995 and MERRIAM 1998, 2009 are explored in the following sections. According to JICK 1979, q ualitative data and analysis function as the glue that cements the interpretation of multimethod results p.

What industry is the study in, and where will the study take place? For example, studying the case of an unforeseen incident, such as a fatal accident at a railroad crossing, can reveal hidden issues that could be applied to preventative measures that contribute to reducing the chance of accidents in the future.

Forum Qualitative Forum Qualitative Social Research, 18 1, Art. These different perspectives are drawn from what Denzin 1984 refers to as triangulation protocols, or the range of triangulation approaches available to the researcher. Qualitative analysis for social scientists, Cambridge Cambridge University Press. Case Study Research Case studies are widely used in organizational studies and across the social sciences, and there is some suggestion that the case study method is increasingly being used and with a growing confidence in the case study as a rigorous research strategy in its own right cf.

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