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Writing an essay pdf -


The example below relates to the essay title used on the previous page. In the words of a tutor I m looking for focus, for a voice that I feel confident with and not bored by someone who knows the area and is going to take me round the issues in an objective, informed and interesting way. This practice is now widely accepted where it makes good sense.


Later composers moved away from strict symphonic form.

To produce a high quality essay you need to demonstrate your ability to select the most relevant material to refer to in your essay to arrive at a well-supported conclusion. It can be stressful and very difficult trying to work out solely in your mind how to tackle an essay title asking yourself questions such as What structure should I use? Then you need to plan how you will respond to every single element of the title. When in doubt about any aspect of your reading for the essay, or about your writing, the first step is to go back and consult the essay title.


An iterative, not necessarily a linear process The process of essay planning and writing does not need to be a linear process, where each stage is done only once.

This is important at the start, but also throughout your writing, as it can be easy to drift away and waste valuable words from your word limit by writing material that may be interesting, but which is not relevant to the title set. So don t be afraid of writing down your ideas before they are fully formed, or in the right order. Barass 1982 p80 makes the simple but valid statement, that By making things easy for your readers, you help yourself to convey information and ideas.

It is the most common focus for study consultations among students using Learning Development.

A possible iterative process is analyse the title brainstorm relevant ideas read around the title, making relevant notes prepare a first draft analyse the title again critically review your first draft in the light of this further analysis read further to fill in gaps prepare final draft critically edit the final draft submit the finished essay.

Editing your writing as you develop your ideas is a positive not a negative process the more you cross out, re-write, and re-order, the better your essay should become.

Of course, these are general points, and there may be some occasions, or some subject areas, where long paragraphs are appropriate. The tutors reading and marking your essays deserve your consideration. Throughout this process, the essay title is the single immovable feature. These can be useful starting points, but you will probably decide to work with a more complicated structure e. It is therefore useful to go into the writing process expecting to make revisions. The lengths of paragraphs the lengths of sentences the neatness of the reference list the balance of length between different sections all offer insight into the kind of essay they are about to read.

It can engage your readers, and can give them confidence that you have thought carefully about the title, and about how you are going to address it. Attending closely to the title The most important starting point is to listen carefully to what the essay title is telling you. Again this may be strong and obvious, or it may be almost invisible, but it needs to be there. Realistically, it is possible that they may even decide not to make that effort. You begin there you end there and everything in between needs to be placed in relation to that title.

overall chronological structure broken down by comparisons according to the elements of the title overall thematic structure broken down by sub-themes overall comparative structure broken down by context. Underpinning the structure will be the argument your essay is making.

The need to use such a wide range of academic skills is probably the main reason why the essay format is so popular with tutors as an assignment. Consistently poor grammar or spelling can give the impression of lack of care, and lack of clarity of thought. So don t be afraid of writing down your ideas before they are fully formed, or in the right order. A relevant and useful structure to support the presentation of your response to the title is vital. Being a critical writer After attending closely to the title and establishing a useful structure a third main element in the essay-writing process is the confident use of critical writing.

Editing Finally, you need to take a break from your essay so that you can return to it with fresh eyes for the final editing. As a tutor has said Creme and Lea, 1997 p41 When my students ask me about essay writing, there are three main pieces of advice that I give them.

Shorter words are often preferable to longer words, unless there is some specific vocabulary that you need to include to demonstrate your skill. Summary of key points The title is the most important guidance you have. It may be possible to use only one paragraph for your introduction, but it may fall more easily into two or more. And over-long paragraphs tend to demonstrate that you are not clear about the specific points you are making. It is your task to present your argument in a way that your audience can follow it is not your audience s job to launch an investigation to detect the points you are trying to make. The study guide provides more extensive guidance in this area, but it is useful to present one section from that guide below The most characteristic features of critical writing are a clear and confident refusal to accept the conclusions of other writers without evaluating the arguments and evidence that they provide a balanced presentation of reasons why the conclusions of other writers may be accepted or may need to be treated with caution a clear presentation of your own evidence and argument, leading to your conclusion and a recognition of the limitations in your own evidence, argument, and conclusion. The lengths of paragraphs the lengths of sentences the neatness of the reference list the balance of length between different sections all offer insight into the kind of essay they are about to read. So, don t feel you have to make that decision in your head before you write anything. In different subject areas, and with different styles of writing, the term argument may seem more or less relevant.


They are absolutely crucial because it is only at this stage that the student can see that the argument hangs together, has a sequence and is Editing your writing as you develop your ideas is a positive not a negative process the more you cross out, re-write, and re-order, the better your essay should become. In these early stages of your thinking you may not be sure which of your ideas you want to follow up and which you will be discarding.


An iterative, not necessarily a linear process The process of essay planning and writing does not need to be a linear process, where each stage is done only once.


overall chronological structure broken down by comparisons according to the elements of the title overall thematic structure broken down by sub-themes overall comparative structure broken down by context. Common criticism given to students is that their essay does not have enough critical writing.

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