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Define case study research - Case Study

Studies on toy programs or similarly are of course excluded due to its lack of real-life context.

In a case study it is also important to take into account viewpoints of different roles, and to investigate differences, for example, between different projects and products. 2008 Case Studies Types, Designs, and Logics of Inference, Conflict Management and Peace Science, 25, 1-18.

All together five participants were purposefully selected for the study.


The number of interviewees has to be decided during the study. This paper is structured around the following main questions What is a case study?

As opposed to the opportunity this presented primarily for theory application, Eckstein identified heuristic case studies as explicit theoretical stimulants thus having instead the intended advantage of when reporting general of a set of cases.


Case study research means single and multiple case studies, can include quantitative evidence, relies on multiple sources of evidence and benefits from the prior development of theoretical propositions. How to Analyze the Results Analyzing results for a case study tends to be more opinion based than statistical methods. Are threats to validity analyses conducted in a systematic way and are taken to reduce threats? Few of the case studies reviewed provided details of the researcher s relationship with the case, researcher case interactions, and how these influenced the development of the case study Buzzanell D Enbeau, D Enbeau et al. However, it is relevant also for quantitative data, e.

As such, the proposed research took the form of a new research but on an existing research subject.


International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Wellbeing. Does the case offer a new direction in future research? A case may offer you an opportunity to gather evidence that challenges prevailing assumptions about a research problem and provide a new set of applied to practice that have not been tested previously. To our experience editing approaches and template approaches are most suitable in software engineering case studies. In contrast to experimental designs, which seek to test a specific hypothesis through deliberately manipulating the environment like, for example, in a randomised controlled trial giving a new drug to randomly selected individuals and then comparing outcomes with controls, the case study approach lends itself well to capturing information on more explanatory how, what and why questions, such as how is the intervention being implemented and received on the ground? The former, for example, would examine only the overall nature of an international organization, whereas the latter would also look to specific departments, programmes, or policies etc. Case studies aim to analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a specific environment, situation or organization.


26 BROWN 2007 suggests the three approaches used by these seminal researchers rest along a continuum where the postpositivist methodology of YIN 2014 sits at one end, STAKE s interpretivist design 1995, 2006 sits at the other end and MERRIAM 1998, 2009 who as a pragmatic constructivist draws on the elements of both, rests toward the center.

A case study is based on your ability to draw conclusions and the general sense of discipline when it comes to something like organizing, structure and formatting. If the researchers intend to use the data for other, not yet defined purposes, this should be signed separately to allow participants to choose if their contribution is for the current study only, or for possible future studies. The phenomenon is studied in detail, cases are analyzed and solutions or are presented. Assuming prior studies have not looked at individual travel choices as a way to study access to illicit drug use, a case study that observes a homeless veteran could reveal how issues of personal mobility choices facilitate regular access to illicit drugs. 000 0000, templateName templateHash null, id rgw34 59fb047865367, widgetId rgw34 59fb047865367, widgetUrl https www. org scipub ajas, linkingIssn null, publisher conditions Author s pre-print and author s post-print on open access repositories, Publisher s version PDF may be used, on author s personal website or institutional website only. It begins however, by discussing Harry Eckstein s seminal 1975 contribution to the potential advantages of the case study approach within the wider social sciences. Is there sensitivity to the protection of people? Qualitative research and case study applications in education 2nd ed.


For instance, there were stud ies conducted to ascertain whether particular government programmes were efficie nt or whether the goals of a particular programm e were reached. Inf Technol People 14 1 28 45 doi Basili VR, Weiss DM 1984 A methodology for collecting valid software engineering data.

Is there a rationale behind the selection of subjects, roles, artifacts, viewpoints, etc.


Today, when there is so much published research about all thinkable fields of study, it is increasingly usual to base a new case study on the hypothesis that the case will behave in accord with an already existing theory.

The method has been criticized as being unreliable, too general, and open to. If the same conclusion can be drawn from several sources of information, i. Study XP was, for example, presented to the involved companies in seminar format, and to the research community in journal format Karlstr m and Runeson, to practitioners in a magazine format Karlstr m and Runeson, and in the form of a Ph.

The major purpose of a case study is not to present complete knowledge to students or learners.

This includes synthesizing studies that help to Place relevant works in the context of their contribution to understanding the case study being investigated. However, not only can information be sensitive when leaking outside a company. Historical examples of case study stem as far back as the early nineteenth century with the biography of Charles DARWIN STEWART, 2014. com, true, false, rates appnexusAst 1, openx 1, smartadserver 0. This ensures that the researcher can maximise the learning opportunities.

For example, a large company in Sweden is most probably a branch of the Ericsson Corporation. html, stylesheets pow In study XP, the transcribed interviews were initially analyzed by one of the researchers.


These are however not necessarily mutually exclusive categories. Renu Susan Thomas, Little Flower college of nursing, Angamaly OBJECTIVES Define Case study Discuss the paradigms Explain the types Enlist the purposes Analyse the designs Review the methodology Describe the Analysis Enumerate the merits and demerits. Secondly, analyses should be presented to them in order to maintain their trust in the research. The main characteristic of qualitative research is that it is mostly appropriate for small samples, while its outcomes are not measurable and quantifiable see table 3. That explanatory research can offer an understanding of a phenomenon is viewed with scepticism by some, on the grounds that a single case study cannot yield a sufficient volume of evidence on which to generalize. For example, in our evaluation of the introduction of electronic health records in English hospitals Table, we defined our cases as the NHS Trusts that were receiving the new technology. Is a chain of evidence shown with traceable inferences from data to research questions and existing theory? 18 These attributes are commonly exemplified in case study research. STAKE 1995 recommends vignettes episodes of storytelling to illustrate aspects of the case and thick descriptions to convey findings, a further illustration of his constructivist and interpretivist approach to case study research.

a project, and it contains one or more units of analysis e. We acknowledge that the impact factor ranking system might not be the best measure of journal quality Cheek, Garnham, Quan, however, this was the most appropriate and accessible method available.

Here to tell her story Analyzing the performances of others. Edit your Custom Course directly from your dashboard. An advantage of observations is that they may provide a deep understanding of the phenomenon that is studied. Miles MB, Huberman M Qualitative data analysis an expanded sourcebook. Investigation of phenomena in naturalistic setting, conducted in order to enable in depth analysis of that phenomena. In many countries it is mandatory to have the study proposal reviewed and accepted with respect to ethical issues Seaman by a review board or a similar function at a university. specify what the incentives are for the participants. NHS initiatives included, for example, a hand washing initiative or introduction of infection control measures. Exploratory case study data collection method is often accompanied by additional data collection method s such as interviews, experiments etc.

Case study of something particular and case selection Case selection is a precursor to case analysis, which needs to be presented as a convincing argument Merriam

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