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Developing critical thinking in social studies - Writing and Critical Thinking in the Social Studies on JSTOR


, 2013 Choy Cheah, 2009 Henderson Hurley Hurley, 2013. Approximately 50 of the work samples and reflections documented K-12 students use of technology for digital citizenship in specific areas emphasized by the Civic Mission of Schools and the Framework for 21st Century Learning, including creativity and innovation, communication and collaboration, and research and information fluency. As one of my former students lamented It frustrates me when a teacher plays devil s advocate because I feel as if no one is right.


And skills strategies for how to english, making inferences, spec. Computer technology in the social studies An examination of the effectiveness literature 1996-2001. This pedagogical approach helps students see a much larger picture of complex issues. Digital Citizenship Students understand human, cultural, and societal issues related to technology and practice legal and ethical behavior.

Study guides or advance organizer should be integrated into classroom materials to prompt students to reflect on their learning. Contemporary issues in Technology and Teacher Education Online serial, 1 1 Retrieved from Molebash, P. An innovative teaching strategy Using critical thinking to give students a guide to the future. The Student Guide to Historical Thinking examines how history instruction read social studies instruction can go beyond recall instruction to an instruction characterized by logically pursuing questions, thinking deeply about them, forming inferences and hypothesis and assessing them with high standards.

This book gives great suggestions, ideas, and tools to help every social studies teacher! In contrast, a closed or totalitarian society never permits critical examination of prevailing and sanctioned ideas.

This information explosion is likely to continue in the future.

Using dialogues to develop critical thinking skills A practical approach. In this second look they should be asking themselves questions of how their thought relates to intellectual standards by asking themselves such questions as am I being clear, is this accurate, does my response completely answer the question, etc. And it is the importance of writing to critical thinking that is the interface between critical thinking and the Common Core State Standards.

She also has a strong background in IT, with prior experience at US Airways. Gerald Nosich, Learning to Think Things Through A Guide to Critical Thinking in the Curriculum, Prentice Hall, 2001, available through


I also provide strategies to help all teachers incorporate the devil s advocate approach into their teaching toolbox. Research and Information Fluency Students apply digital tools to gather, evaluate, and use information. As an alternative to sharing out in small groups, the expert groups can create a poster and present their ideas to the class while the rest of the class is required to take notes on the perspective and come up with questions to ask the presenting group. Journal of Computing in Teacher Education, 22 2, 49-55. How have scholars approaches for promoting changed if at all? Preservice teachers tended to use digital still and video cameras to document student learning and spreadsheets to communicate student assessment data NETS-T IV, while they used presentation PowerPoint and desktop publishing to enhance their productivity and professional practice NETS-T V.

NEW ENGLAND SOCIAL STUDIES BULLETIN 43 Winter 1985-86 31-33. Have students become accustomed to thinking twice about their work. Improving critical thinking skills in the United States survey course An activity for teaching the Vietnam War. Cooperative Learning Strategies Cooper 1995 argues that putting students in group learning situations is the best way to foster critical thinking.

Critical thinking, defined narrowly, is an essential element of general cognitive processes, such as problem solving or decision making, but is not synonymous with them. Whatever the activity we are doing in class, whether my seventh grade students are moving between learning stations, engaged in an experiential exercise, or hypothezing about clues during in the mystery strategy, they will be involved in some degree of writing to improve understanding. The Richard Paul and Linda Elder view of critical thinking, then, has two major components the elements of reasoning and intellectual standards both of which can, and, in my opinions, should become fundamental components of our social studies instruction.


Suppose one student wrote the following statements from the story Michael Fay deserved the punishment because he broke the laws of Singapore. I especially like the interactive activities that then force students to think about material they have just learned and apply it to a hypothetical situation.


The National Educational Technology Standards and Performance Indicators for Teachers NETS-T ISTE, 2000 provided criteria for teachers use of technology in instructional planning I.

An elementary preservice teacher wrote, For the students I teach I believe the use of technology enhances most units.

Some K-12 students loved the use of technology in the classroom and knew more about the applications than the preservice teacher, while others lacked the technology skills to successfully complete Internet research, and others were distracted from classroom instruction by their personal technology. Impacts on Teaching Practice The school in which I teach has currently made teaching literacy a priority.

Not only is a teacher provided with many ideas, but also functional tools to apply them with.

According to Gilbert 1996, the majority of US undergraduate education faculty members continue to use traditional lecture discussion textbook methods.

Just teaching them how to use computers is not enough. There are graphic organizers, small whole group questioning strategies, websites, and behavior management strategies, to name just a few things. To prepare students for this type of reading and enhance their comprehension of it, the strategies outlined in the book will be used. How have scholars approaches for promoting changed if at all? In small groups, students must identify the different viewpoints of each participant in the dialogue.


Similarly, if K-12 students used word processing software, it was coded as one type of technology, even if the students used that technology for multiple assignments within a work sample. K-12 educators and administrators are pushed to teach the necessities as dictated by the standardized assessments in order to catch up the students to students of other countries. Richard Paul One of the most used and highlighted books in my professional library is Critical Thinking How to Prepare Students for a Rapidly Changing World by Richard Paul, an international leader in critical thinking movement. Our goal must to keep our students thinking their way through our courses, and thinking well, Thinking and reasoning are the foundations of readiness of college, career, and civic life, and of lifelong learning.

James Beers is Professor of Reading, Language, and Literacy in the School of Education at the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia.

What better place to do so than in our social studies class es? It is highlighted today in various statements and publications of state education departments, local school districts, and professional associations. In addition to learning how to use specific information technologies, preservice teachers used the backwards curriculum design process Wiggins McTighe, 1998 and explored ways to use technology as a tool for problem solving Jonassen, Howland, Moore, Marra 2002.


However, the additions and inclusion of many of the strategies offered by this source will enhance my desires to promote learning. The Social Studies provides a unique forum for acquiring historical perspective, practicing respectful processes of engagement, and developing a passion for contributing to the common good of the immediate and larger community. Format lesson plan grade 8 English Language Arts, Science, and Social Studies By Daniell DiFrancesca.


Beers has taught reading, writing, and spelling to students at all grade levels and has published books, chapters, and articles on reading, writing, and spelling.


Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Speech Communication Association, San Antonio, TX. There are a few methods of employing these documents. In his research on teacher education in social studies, Molebash 2004 found support for using this model, arguing that a consistent theme among methods course technology integration success stories is a constructivist approach p. The second instructional technology course was taught during a half-time student teaching experience for participants, in which the preservice teachers were expected to teach 20 hours per week under the supervision of a cooperating teacher while attending university courses. This article 1 examines why teachers should incorporate playing devil s advocate into their classroom and 2 offers strategies to teachers about They created digital photographs of their paintings and CDs of their projects and used graphic software to design posters and book jackets. 5 MMP3 Podcast 0 0 1 1 Simulations 1 0 0 1 Photo Shop 0 0 1 1 Computer Games 1 1 0 1 In 268 of the work samples 78 preservice teachers documented technology integration in their instruction or use of technology by their K-12 students see Table 3.

K-12 teachers will find resources that help foster a deeper learning environment and better student engagement. Theory and Research in Social Education 19 1991 324-340. Change Text Size T T T Critical Thinking and Social Studies Critical Thinking and the Social Studies Teacher by Mike Yell The advance of knowledge has been achieved not because the mind is capable of memorizing what teachers say but because it can be disciplined to ask probing questions and pursue them in a reasoned, self-critical way.

Whereas critical thinking is thinking that utilizes the elements of reasoning, it is also thinking that meets high standards of quality, standards of quality that we want our students thinking and work to strive to achieve.


That is, readings should be able to be understood by students, but also challenging. Theoretical Framework Technology Preparation of Teachers The National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Accreditation standards 1997 and the American Council on Education 1999 called for improving technology experiences of preservice teachers and encouraged university faculty to integrate technology into their teaching and scholarship.


Classroom activities should be relevant to real-world situations and provide integrated experiences. For debates to work effectively, it is wise to break the class into groups of no more than four students, with a pro side and a con side on each issue.

Contemporary issues in Technology and Teacher Education Online serial, 1 1 Retrieved from Molebash, P.

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