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Example of a literature review - Guidelines for writing a literature review

Here are the few tips that help you in the process A ball-park figure for an average review would be around 10,000 words Make sure that your review is unbiased Your review should try to motivate the next part of the research Make sure that the content moves logically from one topic to another and all the paragraphs are linked together Finally, the word review is made of re and view which means viewing again. The chief focus of this approach, then, has been to show how patterns of interaction between men and women reflect the dominant position of men in society. The principles pertain to dedicated literature reviews and introduction sections of empirical reports.


It is important that you determine what your departmental rules or guidelines are with regard to report writing. Another trap that the unwary may fall into is that of splitting infinitives. In another example looking at the effect of different types of diversity on team performance actual correlations or Cohen s ds from studies or meta-analyses could be reported. Rule 2 Search and Re-search the Literature After having chosen your topic and audience, start by checking the literature and downloading relevant papers.

Shows that decreases in self-esteem associated with increases in marijuana use. The limitations of a methodology can affect all studies that use the methodology.


Log In If you have an individual subscription to this content, or if you have purchased this content through Pay Per Article within the past 24 hours, you can gain access by logging in with your username and password here Email Password Remember me Writing Integrative Literature Reviews Guidelines and Examples If you have the appropriate software installed, you can download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice.


You can also review the indexes of books to find references to specific issues that can serve as the focus of your research. For more details, see Plagiarism at Loughborough University To avoid plagiarising the work of others you must comply with the following 1.

Often, the literature review will end with a statement of the research question s.


The End Concluding statements, such as more research is needed is typical of poorer literature reviews. A should be unbiased and does not report any new or original work. You can therefore use this article to help you write a review for any journal.

For Sportscience reviews, follow the instructions in the template on how to create figures. Conducting Research Literature Reviews From the Internet to Paper.

Continue the text on the same line Feature number two.

Or, does is merely add more of the same thing being said? If you are found to have plagiarised the work of others your Institution may subject you to disciplinary procedures. Methodology were the techniques used to identify, gather, and analyze the data appropriate to addressing the research problem? If you have them all organized in some fashion, this will make writing a lot easier.

Sources in your literature review do not clearly relate to the research problem You do not take sufficient time to define and identify the most relevent sources to use in the literature review related to the research problem Relies exclusively on secondary analytical sources rather than including relevant primary research studies or data Uncritically accepts another researcher s findings and as valid, rather than examining critically all aspects of the research design and analysis Does not describe the search procedures that were used in identifying the literature to review Reports isolated statistical results rather than synthesizing them in chi-squared or meta-analytic methods and, Only includes research that validates assumptions and does not consider contrary findings and alternative found in the literature. Its ultimate goal is to bring the reader up to date with current literature on a topic and usually forms the basis for another goal, such as future research that needs to be done in the area or serves as part of a thesis or dissertation. Step 3 Identify the literature that you will review Familiarize yourself with online databases see UMD library resource links below for help with this, identifying relevant databases in your field of study. Writing reports and reviews invariably takes far longer than you anticipate.

Please note there is also an introductory document providing general instructions on the workshops. Systematic Reviews in the Social Sciences A Practical Guide. Washington Lee University North Carolina A T State University F. Once you have something in your computer, you can revisit what you have written to correct and revise it. A good literature review is aware of the relationship between empirical observations and theoretical claims. This means that if you are reading a journal paper or textbook and the author, say Bloggs, includes a quotation or paraphrases a conclusion or opinion from another author, say Smith, you must not use this secondary source as if you had read the original. Use subheadings, especially in long reviews Use transitions to help trace your argument If your topic teaches across disciplines, consider reviewing studies from each discipline separately Write a conclusion for the end of the review Provide closure so that the path of the argument ends with a conclusion of some kind. Instead there is a need for a new synthesis in Australian history. To be useful, literature reviews must be written in a professional way with a clear structure. It is advisable then to reformulate such quotes with your own words in the final draft.


For each statement evidence is given or implied and the evidence is good and persuasive.

You can plan your table or do the entire summary chart of your literature using a concept map such as using You can create the table using the table feature within Microsoft Word, or can create it initially in Excel and then copy and paste import the the Excel sheet into Word once you have completed the table in Excel.

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